5:00am wake ups are easier when these mountains call for you to get out of your tent. Photo by Cecelia Palmquist (2015/16 Semester Photo Contest, 1st Place), Nepal Semester.

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Where There Be Dragons

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    [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_151236" align="alignnone" width="1202"] Visit Instagram to see the full slideshow.[/caption]

Captioned: "indo 2017 || i miss the constant human connection. i miss the constant company, the laughs, the talks. i miss waking up next to people who care. || an experience like this cannot be summed up in words. sure you can ask me and i can tell you about all the amazing things we did and learned ~ but that's not the most important part. what mattered most were the connections made, the friendships formed, and the revelations had. never before have i been pushed so hard out of my comfort zone not only physically but also emotionally. i may seem like the same person on the outside, but i'm a new person on the inside. things that mattered so much to me before now no longer matter and things that didn't matter before matter so much now. i met people on this trip who made me think, question my opinions, and ask big questions about myself and the way i want to approach life has shifted dramatically because of it. || but with all of this comes heartbreak. i miss the people i met on this trip who walked into my life as strangers but who are now forever unforgettable. the people who showed up every day and were there for me always. the people who fundamentally changed me and shaped me into a better person. i miss the simple joy of exploring indonesia with them - always learning, always growing. words cannot express the love and gratitude i feel for them. || indonesia was 3 months of my life. indonesia sometimes feels like a dream ~ i ask myself if it ever happened. i am writing this as a dedication to those who filled my heart with such overwhelming warmth, love, and gratitude, to those who embodied the spirit of adventure, and to those who made me fall head over heels in love with life again. @wheretherebedragons #wheretherebedragons"
    [post_title] => Featured Instagram Slideshow by @elenagadekar from Indonesia
    [post_excerpt] => indo 2017 || i miss the constant human connection. i miss the constant company, the laughs, the talks. i miss waking up next to people who care. || an experience like this cannot be summed up in words. sure you can ask me and i can tell you about all the amazing things we did and learned ~ but that's not the most important part. what mattered most were...
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    [post_content] => Where There Be Dragons is the on-site organizational partner of the Princeton Bridge Year Program. For those unfamiliar with Bridge Year, here's a description from the Princeton Bridge Year Website:

Bridge Year is a tuition-free program that allows a select number of incoming freshmen to begin their Princeton experience by engaging in nine months of University-sponsored service at one of five international locations. In addition to supporting community-based initiatives at each program site, Bridge Year aims to provide participants with greater international perspective and intercultural skills, an opportunity for personal growth and reflection, and a deeper appreciation of service in both a local and international context.

And  an excerpt from the announcement:

"We are thrilled to be able to offer students the opportunity to explore Indonesian society and culture at our new program site in Yogyakarta, located on the island of Java," said John Luria, director of the Bridge Year Program. "As with all of our program locations, volunteers in Indonesia will engage in service work, study the local language and immerse themselves in the local community."

You can learn more about the new Princeton Bridge Year Indonesia program by reading the full story Princeton's website: Bridge Year Program to offer new program in Indonesia. Save Save Save [post_title] => New Bridge Year Indonesia Program [post_excerpt] => Dragons is thrilled to announce the development of two new programs in Indonesia... [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => new-bridge-year-indonesia-program [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-20 15:57:21 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-20 21:57:21 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.wheretherebedragons.com/news/ [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw [categories] => Array ( [0] => WP_Term Object ( [term_id] => 651 [name] => Announcements [slug] => announcements [term_group] => 0 [term_taxonomy_id] => 651 [taxonomy] => category [description] => Announcements on: New Programs, Surveys, Jobs/Internships, Contests, & Behind-the-Scenes Activity. [parent] => 0 [count] => 66 [filter] => raw [term_order] => 15 [cat_ID] => 651 [category_count] => 66 [category_description] => Announcements on: New Programs, Surveys, Jobs/Internships, Contests, & Behind-the-Scenes Activity. [cat_name] => Announcements [category_nicename] => announcements [category_parent] => 0 [link] => https://www.wheretherebedragons.com/news/category/announcements/ ) ) [category_links] => Announcements )
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    [post_content] => There are over 2,000 Certified B Corporations from more than 130 industries in 50 countries with 1 unifying goal – to redefine success in business. B Corps are important because they inspire all businesses to compete not only to be the best in the world, but to be the best for the world.

From the B-Corp website
  • Certified B Corporations meet higher standards of social and environmental performance, transparency, and accountability.
  • It’s like Fair Trade certification but for the whole business, not just a bag of coffee (or USDA Organic certification, but not just for a carton of milk; or LEED certification, but not just for a building).
  • The performance standards B Corps meet are comprehensive, transparent and verified. They measure a company’s impact on all its stakeholders (e.g. workers, suppliers, community, customers and the environment).
  • Unlike traditional corporations, Certified B Corporations are legally required to consider the impact of their decisions not only on their shareholders, but also on their stakeholders (e.g., workers, suppliers, community, consumers, and the environment).
Here's a little video that explains it all nicely: The process provided Dragons with the affirmation that our business has a strong and positive social and environmental impact. It also gave clarity on where we can improve as a business, and how we can more closely align our values with our business practices. And as of May of 2017,  Dragons officially became a legal Benefit Corporation! [post_title] => Dragons is now a Benefit Corporation (B Corp) [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => dragons-is-now-a-benefit-corporation-b-corp [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2018-03-07 09:05:23 [post_modified_gmt] => 2018-03-07 16:05:23 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.wheretherebedragons.com/news/ [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 2 [filter] => raw [categories] => Array ( [0] => WP_Term Object ( [term_id] => 655 [name] => Continued Education [slug] => continued_education [term_group] => 0 [term_taxonomy_id] => 655 [taxonomy] => category [description] => Continued Education, Webinars, Curriculum, Transference. [parent] => 0 [count] => 15 [filter] => raw [term_order] => 4 [cat_ID] => 655 [category_count] => 15 [category_description] => Continued Education, Webinars, Curriculum, Transference. [cat_name] => Continued Education [category_nicename] => continued_education [category_parent] => 0 [link] => https://www.wheretherebedragons.com/news/category/continued_education/ ) [1] => WP_Term Object ( [term_id] => 700 [name] => For Parents [slug] => for_parents [term_group] => 0 [term_taxonomy_id] => 700 [taxonomy] => category [description] => Blog posts specifically curated for parents wishing to know more about Dragons culture, programs, company, and community. [parent] => 0 [count] => 49 [filter] => raw [term_order] => 6 [cat_ID] => 700 [category_count] => 49 [category_description] => Blog posts specifically curated for parents wishing to know more about Dragons culture, programs, company, and community. [cat_name] => For Parents [category_nicename] => for_parents [category_parent] => 0 [link] => https://www.wheretherebedragons.com/news/category/for_parents/ ) [2] => WP_Term Object ( [term_id] => 641 [name] => About Dragons [slug] => about_dragons [term_group] => 0 [term_taxonomy_id] => 641 [taxonomy] => category [description] => Press, Essays from Admin, and Behind-the-Scenes HQ. [parent] => 0 [count] => 55 [filter] => raw [term_order] => 10 [cat_ID] => 641 [category_count] => 55 [category_description] => Press, Essays from Admin, and Behind-the-Scenes HQ. [cat_name] => About Dragons [category_nicename] => about_dragons [category_parent] => 0 ) [3] => WP_Term Object ( [term_id] => 651 [name] => Announcements [slug] => announcements [term_group] => 0 [term_taxonomy_id] => 651 [taxonomy] => category [description] => Announcements on: New Programs, Surveys, Jobs/Internships, Contests, & Behind-the-Scenes Activity. [parent] => 0 [count] => 66 [filter] => raw [term_order] => 15 [cat_ID] => 651 [category_count] => 66 [category_description] => Announcements on: New Programs, Surveys, Jobs/Internships, Contests, & Behind-the-Scenes Activity. [cat_name] => Announcements [category_nicename] => announcements [category_parent] => 0 ) ) [category_links] => Continued Education, For Parents ... )
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    [post_content] => We went out in his boat, a battered blue canoe that was roomier and required less bailing than most other boats in Sampela—a financial testament to his fishing capability—and were armed with a long speargun for him, a short, easy to reload speargun for me, and one extra for good measure. We would cruise across a sea peppered by waves big enough to make the boat rock a little until he, peering over the side of the boat, decided that he liked the fishing prospects of that particular spot of ocean. He’d flash me a terrific smile, say, “Ini bagus” (“This is good”), and launch overboard. I’d follow him, much less gracefully, and hope that I was in the water in time to watch him tie the anchor onto whatever monolithic coral structure we’d have stopped over.

[caption id="attachment_150877" align="alignnone" width="958"]Indonesia Semester Photo by CELIA MITCHELL, INDONESIA SEMESTER[/caption]

Then we’d stretch the cut lengths of rubber on our wooden spearguns back, lock in the spears, and dive down. Totombo always caught the first fish, spinning up to the surface with a joyous smile before dropping his catch in the katingting and diving back down. Sometimes my only role for a morning would be to swim his catch back to the boat, and it took me a few days before I caught my first batfish, his most commonly sought prey. Those mornings were always lovely. It was just the two of us in a small blue boat in the middle of the ocean, swimming and fishing and basking in the Indonesian sun, and it was blissful.

[caption id="attachment_150876" align="alignnone" width="838"]Indonesia Semester Photo by CELIA MITCHELL, INDONESIA SEMESTER[/caption]

 

About halfway through my time in Sampela, we started to go out earlier and travel farther, fishing for upwards of six hours. On one of these days, we were taking a break in what was starting to be a blisteringly hot day when a few boats puttered up to us and cut their engines. I’m not quite sure what was said over the next 45 minutes, given that they were speaking in Bajo, but somehow Totombo and I ended up a part of Mr. Helmet and Mrs. Hat’s crew.

I took to calling them Mr. Helmet and Mrs. Hat as a way of referring to them in conversation with other Dragons, and their monikers descended from their headpieces. Mrs. Hat always wore a huge bamboo hat. It’s shadow rarely let the warm glow of her eyes out, instead showing only her sun-leathered face and betel-stained teeth. Mr. Helmet had a well-worn black construction hat which kept the   sun off his face and, more importantly, kept his cigarettes and lighter dry from the ocean’s spray and Sampela’s monsoon rains—it only occasionally showed his face when we were there during the dry spread along the ropes scared most of the fish in their way towards the net and the net was soon teeming with a swirl of fish. I was told in no uncertain terms by Totombo to stay out of the net but I was permitted to get in the water and watch from a distance.

They had one of the only nets I saw in Sampela, and certainly the largest. It had it’s own canoe, and Totombo and I (mostly Totombo) were recruited to help use it. Mr. Helmet and Mrs. Hat each had a large boat filled with several hundred feet of rope with some floating thing— a plastic bag, a water jug, a stick—tied every couple yards. Leaving the net, the net’s canoe, myself and my canoe anchored, each boat began to go in an opposite direction, slowly paying out the rope as they went. The old man who had ridden in the canoe with the net was spending this time pulling the net out and setting it up in the sea and I, unskilled and unable to help, watched like the five year-olds that sometimes accompanied their mothers and fathers to the ocean.

The rope-boats eventually finished unloading their ropes and began to arc around, back towards us. The miscellaneous debris spread along the ropes scared most of the fish in their way towards the net and the net was soon teeming with a swirl of fish. I was told in no uncertain terms by Totombo to stay out of the net but I was permitted to get in the water and watch from a distance.

The net, I realized once I’d gotten in the water, didn’t have a bottom. It was weighed down at the edges, so fish couldn’t get out, but to lift it out of the water like a trawling net reduced its size tremendously, so the Bajo would simply use it as a pen for fish instead. I spent a few moments ogling at the swirl of fish in the nets, filled with lashes of green from parrotfish and red from snapper, before a set of splashes indicated the arrival of the. The swirl turned into a frenzy, punctured by the familiar swish of a speargun’s projectile whipping through the water. By the time I got out of the water our boat was carpeted with fish.

Once the spear-gunners had sufficiently thinned the school in the net, it was closed from the bottom and Mr. Helmet and a fisherman who had helped set up the net pulled it in hand over hand. It wasn’t until it had been landed that I realized that the catch from the net far exceeded any individual’s spearfishing catch, and that Mr. Helmet and Mrs. Hat allowing their helpers to spearfish the net was as much a method of payment as it was necessary to land the net.

The fishermen, triumphant for the day, spent a few moments enjoying their success and the sun before Mr. Helmet called us over to his boat. He gave us a few armfuls of miscellaneous fish and handed Totombo a massive wrasse, his further thanks for Totombo’s help.

Over the rest of my stay in Sampela, Totombo and I rendezvoused with Mr. Helmet and Mrs. Hat three more times. Each time we fished a different part of the ocean and each time our catch was better than when we fished on our own. On my last day in Sampela, Mr. Helmet was on our porch when I woke up and we rode out to the reef with him as part of a flotilla of boats that carved its way to a white sanded reef that was farther from Sampela than I’d been since I arrived. I’d been taught enough by Totombo—about how to read a gesture towards a fish, about how to tie anchors to the ocean floor, about how to be safe with a speargun—over the past two weeks that I was allowed to participate now. Together on that last day, he and I swam over the sun- dappled seabed as host and guest, master and pupil, father and son. (This article was featured in the Spring 2017 edition of Dragons bi-annual Newsletter, The Map's Edge. Each newsletter explores a subject of interest to the Dragons community through the voices of our Alumni, Instructors, Partners, Parents and our International Staff and contacts. Feel free to view our archive of editions of The Map's Edge or even submit a piece to be featured in our next issue by sending an email to [email protected]) Save [post_title] => Lessons in Grace: A Map's Edge Newsletter Feature [post_excerpt] => We went out in his boat, a battered blue canoe that was roomier and required less bailing than most other boats in Sampela—a financial testament to his fishing capability—and were armed with a long speargun for him, a short, easy to reload speargun for me, and one extra for good measure. [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => open [ping_status] => open [post_password] => [post_name] => sticky-post-example [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-06-20 21:25:20 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-06-21 03:25:20 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.wheretherebedragons.com/news/ [menu_order] => 1 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw [categories] => Array ( [0] => WP_Term Object ( [term_id] => 638 [name] => From the Field [slug] => from_the_field [term_group] => 0 [term_taxonomy_id] => 638 [taxonomy] => category [description] => Featured Yaks, Reflections, Quotes, Photo Spreads and Videos from the Four Corners. [parent] => 0 [count] => 81 [filter] => raw [term_order] => 5 [cat_ID] => 638 [category_count] => 81 [category_description] => Featured Yaks, Reflections, Quotes, Photo Spreads and Videos from the Four Corners. [cat_name] => From the Field [category_nicename] => from_the_field [category_parent] => 0 [link] => https://www.wheretherebedragons.com/news/category/from_the_field/ ) ) [category_links] => From the Field )
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Captioned: “Ruffled pink flamingos fish for brightly colored algae at the base of active Ollague volcano; one of many among the serene landscape of the Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia.”
    [post_title] => FEATURED INSTAGRAM PHOTO FROM PERU TAKEN BY LINDSAY COE
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    [post_content] => WHERE THERE BE DRAGONS (WTBD): Welcome back to the world of Dragons, Osama. I imagine it has been quite a transition to shift from the mindset of an educator teaching in the Jordanian deserts back to a human rights lawyer working in a Danish office. Thank you for taking time to sit down with us and share your thoughts. To begin, can you tell us a little about the significant events that catalyzed your commitment to human rights and democracy? 

OSAMA MOFTAH: The 2005 Egyptian parliamentary election is an event that changed the face of political life in Egypt, and hence, my political views. I was in my third year in university when the Egyptian government allowed civil society, for the first time, to monitor elections. I observed this election and through it was able to learn about democracy and be a part of the first Arab groups who worked on the election. This was the first election in an Arab country to be observed by civil society. The 2005 experience put me in touch with the right people who continue to be dedicated to the cause of democracy and human rights. That was the driving factor that motivated me to work in this field.

When I finished university I wanted to do my master’s degree and, somehow, the University for Peace caught my attention. It is part of the UN academic arm and exists in Costa Rica, the first country to demolish its army. The whole experience was fascinating to me and I learned a great many things while I was there. I also wanted to meet with Oscar Arias, president of Costa Rica at the time, and I managed to do so. He was a fascinating politician who managed to play an important role in conflict mediation throughout Latin America. I had a conversation with him about his political role and I’m always imbued with a sense of pride when I see my picture with him.

WTBD: For the youth who have grown up in Middle Eastern countries embroiled in war, is it crazy to think that hope will one day soon spring eternal? How do we avoid those fatalistic tropes and clichés that suggest it won’t? 

OM: Many writers say that the Middle East will have a lost generation. This is the gloomy forecast about the future Middle East. There are two things to stay hopeful about the whole situation: 1) Thanks to big data, we are now in a better position to design policies that tackle the root causes of problems and quicken the pace of change. 2) If we put sufficient resources in play, change will take less time. Take the Syrian refugees as an example. In less than three years, Syrian refugee groups reached different ends based on their destination countries. The more the international community gets involved, the better off refugees will be. I saw this when I worked with Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Egypt, Jordan and Turkey. Same people, strikingly different results in just three years, depending on international support.

WTBD: Is it mere pessimism to doubt that the global community can aspire to create a world in which human rights and social justice are equally valued because nations will always be unwilling to relinquish their sovereignty? What changes are needed to make the UN effective? 

OM: Human rights and peace and security are two of the three founding pillars of the United Nations. After 70 years, we can look back and say we have come a long way and human rights is undeniably a universal norm. We now have international human rights institutions such as the Human Rights Council that include all UN members. Something we never imagined to happen 70 years ago. However, globalization brought complexities that are perceived as threats to national sovereignty by many nations. Therefore, more nations are less committed and some are even considering withdrawing from international agreements. The UN can do more by being a truly ‘global organization’ that upholds a universal understanding of global issues. To achieve this the UN must reshape its programs and place individuals at the center of its work. A quick look at the UN official records will show us that only 3% of the total UN regular budget is allocated to human rights. Moreover, concepts like global citizenship tend to fall through the cracks. The UN can do more by directing its work towards world citizens and not relying as heavily on governments. There is a great chance for success if we raise the awareness of global citizens.

WTBD: What do you feel are the greatest challenges to human rights and international rule of law? 

OM: The biggest challenge is the fact that most governments are unable to deliver services and many are in total collapse. The success of the current international system rests on the success of its governments. The global refugee crisis is an example of the failure of our international system. Governments are unable to receive more refugees and do not want to contribute enough to the UN to look for solutions. It is fair to say that ideas such as entrepreneurship and the role of individuals do not exist in the current UN funding plans. There is always a chance to fund UN projects through individuals but this is not considered a legitimate solution yet. Individuals can play an active and positive role in solving international conflicts and the UN can help in reaching this.

WTBD: To many, the Muslim world has become synonymous with divisiveness and intolerance. Can you elucidate a broader, more nuanced, interpretation of leadership in Islam? 

OM: It is unfortunate that the good guidance provided in the Quran and Sunnah does not deliver with its wisdom the power of self implementation. We have a duty as Muslims to understand and materialize these teachings in a manner befitting our societies. In the past, Islamic culture played a positive role in the Middle East when it was a blend of Arab, Egyptian, Persian and Greek cultures. This led to strong societies and stunning intellectual achievements. This is what we call the Islamic Golden Age under the Abbasid dynasty. Islamic culture now plays a negative role in dividing Middle Eastern societies, and each culture wants to impose itself upon others. There are different interpretations of Islamic texts right now because we have different types of Muslim intellectuals. In the past, Muslim philosophers used to be scientists who were brilliant in mathematics, physics and linguistics. This was the time when Al-Farabi wrote about the “virtuous city” and described types of societies and qualities of the leader. Averroes, Avicenna and Al-Kindi are examples of Muslim philosophers who translated major literatures into Arabic and described Islamic texts based on this understanding. Due to their intellectual leadership, previous Muslim philosophers invented comprehensive political theories about state administration and state institutions. Some concepts were too advanced for the time, and can be compared to modern institutions. For example, the concept of Mohtasib can be seen as Islamic version of current ombudsmen.

Now we have different types of Muslim scholars and, hence, a different understanding of Islamic texts. Current Muslim scholars are not scientists, they are not philosophers, and they hardly speak any language other than Arabic. Their limited capacity can distort the good Islamic texts. This is the plain reality that we live in.

WTBD: While the foundations of the United States establish freedom of religion and a clear distinction between Church and State, violent clashes over ideology and laws of inclusion continue. Does this reality contradict the global vision of the U.S. and its values? 

OM: I hear this question frequently and I think it reflects what people see through the media these days. My personal experience in the USA showed me another way of seeing the ‘other’. In 2012, I did a brief fellowship at the U.S. Senate where I learned about American democracy. The highlight of my trip was the meaning that I found in the design of process and even the architecture in DC. There is a powerful drawing on the ceiling of the library of Congress. The drawing depicts twelve cultures, religions or countries that have had the greatest influence on Western civilization prior to the early 20th century. Those depicted are Judea (representing religion), Egypt (representing written records), Islam (representing physics), Middle Ages (representing modern languages), Spain (representing discovery), England (representing literature), France (representing emancipation), Germany (representing the art of printing), Italy (representing the fine arts), Greece (representing philosophy), Rome (representing administration) and America (representing science).

 

 

This drawing shows that the USA was established as a country not afraid of others’ identity. In fact, it appreciated their success and built upon it. This is the reason that many desire what is called the ‘American Dream’, the dream to live in a place that combines the best of all cultures and civilizations.

We only advance when we open ourselves to others, even in Middle Eastern and Islamic countries. When I look at our history in the Middle East, I see a similar pattern. Islamic civilization owes part of its achievements to other cultures. The House of Wisdom that was built by the Abbasid caliphates is proof in this regard. It was built as a formal institution mandated to translate books from other languages into Arabic. This translation opened the door for Arabs to learn from other cultures and to build upon them. The House of Wisdom represented the top intellectual institution and nurtured many Muslim scientists and philosophers who shaped our understanding at that time. All people from all religions (Muslim, Christians and Jews) were welcome to study there. It is hard to imagine the Islamic Golden Age without the House of Wisdom and the openness to others.

WTBD: After leading your first Dragons course in Jordan this summer, what unique lessons on leadership did you encounter? 

OM: This trip was remarkable in that it allowed me to gain different perspectives on leadership and life in general. The chats we had with Jordanians in cafés and supermarkets in the village showed their remarkable ability to provide solutions to world problems. In one conversation, some people explained to us that major business ideas that we talk about in our daily lives are a replication of the simple solutions that exist in small villages. One gentleman offered that, from his point of view, the ride-sharing concept adopted by Uber is merely a technological advancement similar to what village people have done for many years on their daily trips. There are very few cars in the village, so the solution is to share limited resources for a fee or service. Another example is Airbnb, which is the modern version of a local house sharing business. This is interesting because when we think about all disruptive business ideas, we find them to be more similar to local traditions than outcomes summarized in books on business strategy.

Another example is the use of mobile financial transfers. This practice started in Africa and Arab countries as a way to overcome the inaccessibility of banks. Some mobile companies developed the idea into a business model and it became the mobile bank. In one conversation, a Jordanian told us that it would be better to send American entrepreneurs to local villages rather than MBA programs if they want to be successful. In his view, this is the place to mine for new ideas and solutions. This is a pretty fascinating fact for me! And I think it is true to a large extent.

WTBD: What advice would you give to young Dragons as they become leaders in their world?

OM: Travel more! I cannot see any transformative act that supersedes the perspective that travel offers. I believe that to be a good leader necessitates that one cultivate a love for this shared world. What better way to build empathy than to see how others live.

(This article was featured in the Spring 2017 edition of Dragons bi-annual Newsletter, The Map's Edge. Each newsletter explores a subject of interest to the Dragons community through the voices of our Alumni, Instructors, Partners, Parents and our International Staff and contacts. Feel free to view our archive of editions of The Map's Edge or even submit a piece to be featured in our next issue by sending an email to [email protected])

 

 
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